Photo by Paul Latzias. The Bottle Palm is nearly extinct in its natural habitat but is now widely commercially grown for its ornamental use. 4. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Bottle palm trees grow to maximum heights of about 12 feet. Apply good quality palm fertilizer that has continues release formula twice a year during growing season. Set on 5 acres, we sell one of the biggest varieties of plants in WA. A dainty, neat palm, growing only to 12 feet, with a bottle-shape trunk which is widest at the base, tapering upwards to the neck of the bottle formed by the crownshaft. Bottle Palm 10' Overall Height. It gets this common name from the fact that an old specimen has a markedly enlarged base. Moderate Typical Height: 12' OA. Propagation: Bottle Palm is propagated by seeds. The flowers of the palm arise from under the crownshaft. Growth Rate: Slow. – $60 for small-sized, $250 for medium, $880 for big C anary Island – A huge palm that can mature to 70 feet high as well as 25 feet wide, $15 for 12 inches, $40 for 24 inches, $100 for 36 inches, $175 for 48 inches, $275 for 72 inches The trunk is smooth, light gray to almost white, and when young has a noticeably swollen base that becomes less pronounced and elongated as it matures. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Bottle palm has a large swollen (sometimes bizarrely so) trunk. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Do not hill soil around the stem. The Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis), is known worldwide for it's bottle shaped trunk.The Bottle Palm is a slow growing tropical plant that loves warm weather but is sensitive to cold temps below 32°F. Growth Rate: Slow. It can handle temperature down to 30F. The pinnately compound leaves or fronds can grow to 12 feet long and are attached to a 10-inch petiole or stem. They are cultivated in Florida, southern California, Hawaii and other warm climates. Photo by Dr. M. Coode, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Parlor Palm. The leaves of young palms have a red or orange tint, but a deep green is assumed at maturity. Not all of us are lucky enough to grow bottle palms in our landscape, but for those of us who can…what a treat! It takes around 5 – 6 months to germinate. Hyophorbe lagenicaulis has a single, trunk, about 2ft in diameter with ring scars and green crownshaft at the top. Palm fronds can be large, and falling down on windy days are disturbing and messy. The last part of the name is from two Greek words, ‘lagen’ meaning flask and ‘caulis’ meaning stem. (anns tropics), The swollen trunk is the eye catcher on this palm, but it also has other interesting characteristics that come and go as the palm matures from a seedling to a mature specimen. The Bottle Palm has a small crown of 4-6 4 to 8 pinnate, or feather-like, leaves that can grow up to 10 ft. Flowers/Fruits: The Bottle Palm produces beautiful white flowers that are held by 30 in. Light Req: This dwarf palm tree does well in filtered light, for best appearance. It can survive in full sun if provided plenty of water. 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Flowers are produced in bottlebrush spikes, about 3 cm to 5 cm long. The common name for Hyophorbe lagenicaulis is the Bottle Palm. Get contact details and address | ID: 20832203830 long leaflets. Native to the Mascarene Islands mature trunks have sometimes attained heights of 20 feet with leaves that can reach 6 to 12 feet long and incredibly arching. Uhl, C.B. Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both. A great air-purifying plant for indoor spaces and offices. Read about company. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. It grows best in full sunlight but can tolerate moderate shade. These oldtimer bottle palms can be seen at Miami's Fairchild Tropical Garden. Commercial grade bottle palm trees feature energy efficient, long lasting LEDs and durable UV protected green PVC fronds resulting in an exceptionally realistic, professional quality display! Southern gardeners, however, should know how to grow a bottle palm tree and make use of this unique and stunning tropical plant. Graceful, elegant and incredibly attractive. Lady Palm is best planted in a shady spot in moist, well-draining soil, but also grows well indoors. Palm Growth Chart. Lady palm. Baker, M.M. This palm can also be grown indoors in a container. Cold is a very real threat, so growing in Zone 10B - especially in warmer coastal areas - … Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle Palm also benifits greatly from giving it an application of a good slow release palm fertilizer that includes micronutrients 2 to 3 times a year. The epithet is derived from two Greek words meaning “bottle” and “stem”. The Lady palm (Rhapis excelsa) is a true lady, with its dark, glossy green stems looking gorgeous on the verandah or under trees in a sheltered spot in the garden. Plant specs Bottles are slow growing palms that could end up about 10 feet at maturity...but maturity takes many, many years. It is known for its very swollen base, thus given the name "Bottle Palm". It is great for USDA Zones 10a (30 to 35 F) to 11 (above 40 F). Bottle palms have only four to six leaves open at any time. The Bottle Palm grows fairly slowly but is a tough plant that can take drought and coastal conditions without a problem. Bottle Palm : Fiji Fan Palm : Christmas Palm : Windmill Palm : Sylvester Date Palm : European Fan Palm : Areca Palm : Queen Palm : Orange Crownshaft Palm : ... RealPalmTrees.com - The Palm Tree Store logo is a registered trademark. This is a slow growing palm that can get up to 10 – 20 ft tall and 10 – 15 ft wide, but usually is much shorter around 10ft. The most distinguishing feature of the Bottle Palm is the bulged section of its trunk. Fewer than 10 mature trees remain in the wild. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Notations by Research Work Editor Pal Meir. We specialise in tropical plants, ornamentals, fruit trees and more. Photo by Pal Meir. Photo by John Doughten. We will show pictures of three Hyophorbe here, and the Bottle Palm is the least cold hardy of the three. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. It produces a curiously swollen trunk, the shape of which is somewhat reminiscent of a champagne bottle. They like full sun along the coast and don't really tolerate a freeze. Height 1m - 4m Spread 1m - 3m: Prickly Bottlebrush is a stiff shrub or small tree growing about 4 m tall. Carpentaria Palm. The solitaire trunk has quite the swollen look, looking like a bottle. Sign up for our newsletter. The purpose is unclear but might have been a water storage device. Lewis. https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Hyophorbe_lagenicaulis&oldid=162812, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). It has 140 leaflets arranged in two upward pointing rows which grow to about 2 ft long. Add sand or topsoil to increase drainage and install the palm at the same depth it was growing in its pot. One of the key areas of bottle tree palm care is provisions for protection from frost. Contained in a planter the Bottle Palm is a shapely centerpiece to any porch patio or well lit indoor area. Maintenance: Easy to maintain. Caring for a bottle palm tree is a low maintenance chore due to its slow growth and drought tolerance once established. The trunk is a rounded bulge in young specimens and gradually elongates and flattens somewhat as the palm matures. All varieties of palms kind of have an internal clock indicating when they’ve reached their full potential, and they will not grow any taller. The smallish size of the Bottle palm (also known as the Hyophorbe lagenicaulis) makes it a perfect accent palm! This palm can also be grown indoors in a container. This is a slow growing palm that can get up to 10 – 20 ft tall and 10 – 15 ft wide, but usually is much shorter around 10ft. The inflorescences emerge at the point where the crownshaft meets the trunk. This tree is slow growing but can reach heights that range from 12 to 20 feet. Location: The Hyophorbe lagenicaulis, commonly called the bottle palm, grows best in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 to 11. As the name implies, bottle palms have a swollen trunk which does indeed look rather like a bottle, topped with a cluster of about eight fronds. Oak Hill, FL. Palm House, RBG Kew, Surrey, UK. Repot the bottle tree seedlings into 2-gallon plastic pots once they reach 3 inches in height. Its slender, lance-shaped leaflets are dark green, approximately 2 feet long, and grow opposite from one another to form a "V" shape on the rachis or middle of the frond. Whatever the reason, the trunk makes for a standout silhouette in the garden or even as a potted plant. Planting a bottle palm in northern climates is not recommended, as they are not frost hardy. A bottle palm is a palm tree with a very unusually-shaped trunk. As a seedling, and through the Bottle Palm's juvenile period, the crownshaft and leaf petioles are an interesting red to orange color, eventually changing to the normal greyish green color as it matures. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. (RPS.com), Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle Palm, is a tropical palm suitable for a smaller landscape, or as a large interior potted plant. They are capable of growing 3 to 6 metres, but they usually stay closer to the low end of that range. Outdoor/Indoor Use: Both. This page has been accessed 31,002 times. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). (anns tropics), Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle Palm is truly a tropical palm. Center. As the Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle Palm passes from seedling to juvenile it starts to develop the huge, swollen trunk. It is a myth that the trunk is a means by which the palm stores water. Named 'Bamboo Palm' due to its multi-stemmed growth habit, resembling that of bamboo. A beautiful addition to any tropical garden. Hyophorbe lagenicaulis, commonly called the Bottle Palm because of the shape of its trunk, is brilliant for containers. The Bottle Palm must be planted in a warm protected position away from frost and will also be an ideal indoor plant. Palm canopies grow higher and higher, until all you can see is a ‘telephone pole’ in the garden. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Sago Palm. Fairchild Tropical Garden, Florida. The solitary trunk is grotesquely swollen and looks as if it were cast in smooth grey concrete. Round Island, Republic of Mauritius. The female flowers are followed by 1 in (2.5 cm) round fruits which change from green to black as they mature. Water Req: It can adapt to different kinds of soil but likes moist well drain soil. Hyophorbe lagenicaulis has been saved from extinction by its popularity, and extensive cultivation throughout the world. Flowers are monoecious, male and female flowers on the same inflorescence. (edis.ifas.ufl.edu). It usually grows more than a foot a year and can reach its full height in 20 years or less. The trunk is swollen and rounded when young, becoming more elongated as the palm matures. Spindle Palm. Harley & C.E. Bottle palm trees require warm temperatures all year and tend to prefer drier soils. The name literally contains an important clue to the plant’s form. Height: 3–4m When do palm trees stop growing? "Here's an exceptionally tall palm (15-17') showing loss of the 'bottle' in Hawaii" Photo by Geoff Stein. Bottle palms are native to the Mascarenes, which are a set of islands off the east coast of Madagascar, out in the middle of the Indian Ocean! It can handle temperature down to 30F. Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis) The Bottle palm is a slow growing small palm, reaching heights of 3.5m. The trunk is smooth and grayish white topped with scraggly leaf scars from old, departed fronds. Moving a mature palm with a maximum 10-foot height, like dwarf palm (Sabal minor) growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 … stalks coming from below the crownshaft. Photo by Paul Latzias. Palm Growth Chart best Suited, location growth rate palm size palm size suitable climate trunk type leaf/frond type is it self cleaning(yes) or drop its fronds (no) any spikes Wholesale and retail palms, delivered to your door across the East Coast of Australia. Sunshine coast, Queensland, Australia. Its scientific name is Hyophorbe lagenicaulis. Because this is a slow grower, it can take years for it to reach its mature height. Etymology: The genus name is Greek for “pig” and “food”, the allusion probably to the fruits being at one time used for fodder. Some species of plam tree produce dates or fruit, that either attract annoying wildlife (screeching bats) or create a mess around the pool or in the pool (clogging filter systems). Water well initially to help the plant develop deep roots. Any temps below 38 degrees call for protection for this palm. These plants bear their name due to the trunk’s strong resemblance to a bottle. Heavily branched flower inflorescences encircle the trunk just below the crownshaft and can reach lengths of 3 feet. The bottle palm is a true palm in the family Arecaceae. The Bottle Palm is very slow growing and adds flavor with uniqueness to any setting. Fertilize in early spring with a high potassium ratio food. Bottle trees are not self-cleaning, but wait until the weather warms up to trim off dead leaves, which can provide further insulation during the winter months. So, when larger, it looks like a large water bottle. During this whole period, the canopy gets larger with each successive growth until the leaves are 9 to 12 feet in leangth. Plant specs. One of the most vigorous species is the Carpentaria Palm. The island is a managed reserve. These palms only get 10 feet (3 m.) in height but sport fronds that may grow 12 feet (3.5 m.) in length with 2-foot (61 cm.) Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Each variety of palm tree has a maximum height that it can grow to for it to remain healthy. The Bottle Palm, from the Mascarene Islands, is a well-known and very popular ornamental for tropical, and warm subtropical regions. On top of the trunk sits a bright green crownshaft (from which the fronds emerge) that has a smooth, waxy surface and can reach 2 to 3 feet in height. Bark: Smooth and green on juvenile trees; rough, grey and furrowed on adult trees. More interesting bottle palm tree info is hidden in the first part of the name, Hyophorbe. This means that they are suitable for gardens where small palm trees are required. Occasionally, a specimen will reach heights of 20 feet, according to the University of Florida IFAS Extension. It has glossy green leaves and pinky red stems. (floridata.com) Editing by edric. It is commonly thought that the swollen trunk is for the purpose of water storage. These palm trees are an excellent height for areas where space is a factor and add stylish beach inspired lighting to summer parties, pool areas and tropical backyard designs! Cold Tolerance: Bottle Palm is not cold hardy and will not tolerate frost. Short Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis) The bottle palm tree gets its name from its short fat … This website and material contained herein, may not be copied, reproduced, rewritten, or distributed. Bottle Palms (Hyphorbe lagenicaulis) They are native to the Mascarene Islands, located just east of Madagascar. Bottle Palm. Our friendly and knowledgeable staff are on hand 5 days a week (Wednesday to Sunday) to assist you with all your planting and selection advice. Generally the smaller in height the large the bottle and more well rounded. The fruit produced by a mature palm is a good food source for birds. Chamaedorea seifrizii (Bamboo Palm) - A shade loving palm particularly suited to growing in pots either indoors or on patios and verandas. They feature a grey, bottle-shaped trunk with a distinctive green crown shaft and pinnate (feather-like) leaves. Oval shaped fruit is around 1.5 inches long and contains a single seed inside. It loves tropical heat and is very salt tolerant. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The Bottle Palm's grossly enlarged base, its neat - tapering crownshaft and canopy, and its slow growth, have made it a most desirable palm for both landscape and interior displays. Leaflets are about 2 ft (0.6 m) long and arranged in two upward pointing rows. DESCRIPTION. Photo by Dr. William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. Bottle palm trees have evolved with thickened trunks topped with scaly crowns. Leo Gamble's place. Roma Street Parklands, Brisbane, Australia. It has nice green lush pinnate leaves. Most specimens in the landscape average only 5 to 7 feet tall. New planting at the neighbor's the next street over. The canopy is sparse with only 4 to 8 leaves which are stiff, smooth and recurve on a small, 8 to 10 inch petiole. The upwardly arching leaves grow to about 10 ft (3.1 m) in length in mature specimens. Flowers are followed by green black berry like fruits that turn black when ripe. long leaflets. Conservation: 1998; On Round Island. The leaves are linear with a pointed tip, growing about 2 cm to 4 cm long and 1 mm wide. Bottle palm is a true palm that is native to the Mascarene Islands where warm, balmy temperatures and loose, sandy soil form the plant’s habitat. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. More interesting bottle palm tree info is hidden in the first part of the name, Hyophorbe. The site conditions that are optimal to bottle tree palm care are sunny, well-drained soil with plentiful potassium, either in site or added annually as a feed. Canopy: On 4-5 metre high trees the canopy spread can range from 3-4 metres. Regeneration is increasing since rabbits and goats were eradicated from the island. Even a light freeze can cause fronds to brown and die. Caring for a bottle palm tree is nearly effortless, provided they are in good soil, bright light and get moderate moisture. 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