In some regions Tobacco is also grown. The young fruits are boiled and eaten. Other semi-arid tropical regions are found in south-east Asia, northern Australia, Mexico and central South America. #3. Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Groundnut is the most important legume of the semi-arid tropics. Some Aborigines also made a drink from the mashed seed tap of Acacia coriacea. Jojoba has received a great deal of publicity in recent years as its fruit contains 40-60% liquid wax of high value as it is similar to sperm whale oil and has an expanding list of uses from engine lubricants to cosmetics. Light showers followed by bright sunshine. These take 2-3 years to ripen. The fruits are solitary or paired follicles, 4-8 cm long. The fruit ‘rattle’ when ripe. Three different parts of the plant have nutritional value. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. It is a long duration crop and it encounters all the seasons such as rainy, winter and summer during its life cycle. (2) U.P. Apart from this crops an assortment of … The fruits are sweet and pleasant tasting. The soils of Rajasthan have developed under the arid and humid climate over the bed rocks of complex nature predominately through the process of Laterization.. Most pulses are leguminous crops and provide proteins to the vegetarian population. (Year 2011-12) Rajasthan National Bajra 1290 1156 Maize 1583 2476 Cotton 518 491 Wheat 3461 3140 Mustard 1209 1145 Gram 690 912 Crop Productivity …. (2) Punjab (3) Haryana: Bajra (1) Rajasthan (2) Gujarat (3) Maharashtra: Jowar (1) Maharashtra (2)Karnataka (3)Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) The seeds (c.10 x 5 mm) are eaten raw or are roasted and have a pleasant nutty flavour. Soil is one of the most important natural resources as mankind is dependent on soil for food. Chickpea is the third most important pulse in the world. They have a very high protein content, which compares favourably with that of soya beans. 1. Ricinodendron Rautanenii (Mongongo, Manketti): The fruits are 3.5 cm long and 2.5 cm in diameter with a mass of 10 g (Wehmeyer 1980). Mobile: , E-mail: hortiraj-rj@gov.in Pant krishi bhawan JaipurThis website belong to l Directorate of Horticulture Jaipur bhawan JaipurThis website belong to l Directorate of Horticulture Jaipur Agriculture is an old economic activity in our country which produces most of the food that we consume.Two-third of the total population of India is engaged in agricultural activities. Nodal Officer: Shree Naval Kishor Sharma, Designation: - Deputy Director Agriculture (Information) Telephone: 0141-2227726, Mobile No: 9468591279 Email: ddagr_inf@rediffmail.com Nutritionally they are rich in magnesium and copper. They contain a considerable quantity of oil and were exported in large quantities to Cape Town, where they are sold as a substitute for almonds. Rajasthan is the most giant mustard growing state and alone contributes 43% of the total mustard seed production in India (Mustard crop Survey Report 2014-15). Bread wheat ranks first among food crops in the ICARDA region and provides the principal food for the majority of the population. In contrast, the eastern side of India has an average of 100–200 cm of rainfall annually without irrigation, so these regions have the ability to double crop. The desert banana or cucumber (Leichardtia leptophylla and L. australis) is available throughout summer and autumn and has a wide distribution throughout the drier parts of Australia. (Year 2011-12) Rajasthan National Bajra 1290 1156 Maize 1583 2476 Cotton 518 491 Wheat 3461 3140 Mustard 1209 1145 Gram 690 912 Crop Productivity …. and Leichardtia australias were used for this purpose. It is being grown on 1,000 hectares, including 182 hectares of seven government farms. Regional Profiles - North & Western India More on this topic. Jowar. a better source of vitamin C than citrus fruits (Wehmeyer 1980). Canthium latifolium berries are washed, imparting a sweetish flavour to the wash water which is eagerly drunk. It researches on forage crops, cereals and food legumes. In states like Assam, West Bengal and Odisha, three crops … Like groundnut it forms pods on or just beneath the ground. It is generally done to preserve minerals in the soil, e.g., leguminous plants like peas and beans are generally planted after a crop like wheat, to add nitrogen to the soil exhausted by wheat. The same argument applies if only 10 per cent of the developed countries ‘grain production was diverted away from animals to humans. Young pods can be eaten as a table vegetable and the foliage is a good livestock feed and can be made into hay. The heart of the palm is also eaten as a vegetable. Citrullus Ianatus (Tsamma, Wild Watermelon): The fruits are globose or subglobose, 10-20 cm in diameter and have a very high water content (94 per cent). They have a special delicacy. It is rich in vitamin C, containing up to 200 mg/100 g of fruit, i.e. Kodo millet is reported to be extremely hardy, drought resistant and can grow on stony or gravelly soils which do not support other crops. The soils of Rajasthan, Haryana and the South Punjab are sandy. The research is directed towards the semi-arid tropics which covers an area of 20 million km2 which includes much of India and two large belts of Africa and the Sahel. Hakea spp., Acacia spp., misdetoe (Loranthus sp.) Over 90 percent of bread wheat is grown on 250 to 650 mm of rainfall and half the area receives less than 400 mm annual precipitation. A single palm can yield 20-50 kg of fruit i.e up to 2000 fruits per annum. caffra (Marula): A single female tree can yield between 21,000 and 91,000 fruits in a season. Crop Rank of States; Rice (1) West Bengal (2) U.P. Nodal Officer:Trilok Chand Gupta, Designation:- Dy Director (Statistics)- 9461039586. Yields of upto 4000 kg/ha have been obtained under minimal irrigation in California, clearly out producing most other field legumes grown under similar conditions. Wheat and barley are cultivated over large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane, and oilseeds. This is an African pulse crop which can thrive in poor arid soils where groundnuts, com and sorghum often fail. Privacy Policy 8. Rainfall: Rainfall of 50-75 cm is sufficient. Pigeon pea is used in the semi-arid tropics as a subsistence crop by poor farmers. Pearl millets are cultivated in sandy soils of the Sahelian zone with annual rainfall of less than 250 mm. The state covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India. They are the most important food and fodder crops. TOS 7. Indian mustard is reported to tolerate annual precipitation of 500 to 4200 mm, annual temperature of 6 to 27°C, and pH of 4.3 to 8.3. Its research is centred on sorghum, pearl millet, pigeon pea, desi and kabuli chickpea and groundnut. Their taste has been compared to young peas, fresh and very crisp. This is why most farmers of the region stick to well-understood crops that give some semblance of a sure return on the investment. Improved varieties of bread wheat such as Mexipak. Tubers weighing up to 250 and 300 kg has been excavated (Bousquet 1982). Rajasthan has a large population of about 5, 64, 73, 122 crore. Questions about past IPNI operations and projects can be forwarded to the International Fertilizer Association, The Fertilizer Institute, or Fertilizer Canada. Farmers would proudly show me their supplies of ‘desi' (‘local’) seeds. The beans of this legume are highly nutritious, with notably high values being recorded for proteins, carbohydrates, fibre, energy value, calcium, magnesium, potassium and riboflavin. and mulga apples (a large succulent gall produced by Acacia aneura trees and said to be ‘very welcome to the thirsty traveller’). Read this article to learn about the various desert crops and food plants. The bean has a high protein content (23-25%) and yet the plant is virtually unknown outside North America. This crop requires moderate rainfall of 30-100cms and high temperatures ranging from 20 to 32°C. The cereal crops are durum wheat, bread wheat, barley and triticale and the food legumes are lentils, faba bean and kabuli chickpeas. It grows in equable and dry climate. In Rajasthan, the mustard crop is mostly cultivated in Alwar, Bharatpur, Jaipur, Dholpur, Sawaimadhopur, Sriganganagar, Jhunjhunu & … The flesh has a high moisture content. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. They fall from the tree while green and ripen on the ground after several months. It grows in native stands where rain fall is less than 120 mm per year and it can also grow on saline soils with saline water. The trees take up to 25 years before bearing fruit. It is hoped that the ICARDA/CIMMYT bread wheat project will lead to the development of germplasm that is tolerant to drought, cold, diseases and insects. Its seeds are 7-12 mm long and laterally compressed. Sorghum, along with millet, is a major cereal of rain fed agriculture in the semi-arid tropics. The state covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India. Content Filtrations 6. The semi-arid regions of the world depend confidently on a relatively small number of staple food crops, most of which are also grown in the temperate humid climates. Content Guidelines 2. They have also been used as a coffee substitute. (2) Punjab (3) Haryana: Bajra (1) Rajasthan (2) Gujarat (3) Maharashtra: Jowar (1) Maharashtra (2)Karnataka (3)Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) The dried nuts, after roasting have a pleasant, slightly coffee-like taste. Jojoba wax is valuable for its stability, purity, simplicity, lubricity and can be modified by partial dehydrogenation to produce a variety of soft white waxes and creams for use in industry. They are usually carrot-shaped and have a mass of up to 25 kg, with a firm, juicy, fibrous flesh. Kurrajong seeds (B. populneum) are also well known in Australia as an acceptable coffee substitute. In Zimbabwe it is cultivated. Leafy vegetables like those of Calandrinia balonensis, Portulaca oleracea and Lepidium papillosum are high in moisture. They have a nutty, slightly peppery flavour and when boiled are reminiscent of asparagus (Fox & Norwood Young 1982). The water requirement for long duration varieties ranges from 50 to 70 cm, whereas for short duration varieties it ranges from 20 to 35 cm. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is based in Hyderabad, India. The flesh and nut are edible and highly nutritious. Gould (1969) writes ‘the Western Desert people have managed to survive in the harshest physical environment on earth ever inhabited by man before the Industrial Revolution. Pearl millet is known for its high nutritive value because of its high iron and zinc content. Pulses. Crops Productivity Kg/ Ha. IPNI is a global organization with initiatives addressing the world's growing need for food, fuel, fiber and feed. They require a light roasting followed by pounding or grinding and brief boiling. Due its proximity to Rajasthan, the soil of this area is sandy. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Maize (1) Andhra Pradesh (2) Karnataka (3) Rajasthan: Pulses (1) M.P. Rajasthan is highest producing state within the country. Bajra: This is a heat loving crop and is mostly distributed in sub-humid and semi-arid climates. 4. Report a Violation, Mechanisms of Drought Resistance in Desert Plants. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. Hyphaene Ventricosa (Vegetable ivory palm, Fan palm): The edible fruits are 5-8 cm long. The nutritional value of the leaves shows notably high values for protein, calcium, sodium and riboflavin. Classification of Soils: Pearl millet Rajasthan has the highest area under pearlmillet with the highest production in the country. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Watt and Breyer-Brandwijk (1962) state that the Hottentots eat the young pods which they describe as being fairly tasteless. Cotton is a major cash crop in India. Tylosema Esculentum (Marama or Maramba Bean): The tubers vary in size depending on the age of the plant. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Rajasthan’s alternative crops Olive: Olive plantation started in the state in 2008. [CDATA[ Crops produced in Kharif Season: Crops Produced in Rabi Season: The data has been combined from: Agriculture Ministry, Rajasthan, taking into … Rice: Rice is predominantly a Kharif crop. Some natives also made mildly sweet, unfermented beverages by steeping flowers and other plant parts in water. Answer: Growing of different crops on the same field after the harvest of the previous crop is known as crop rotation. Once established the plant can have a net positive photosynthesis with water potentials as low as – 7000 k/ha. The soils of Rajasthan have developed under the arid and humid climate over the bed rocks of complex nature predominately through the process of Laterization.. By definition, soil is the top-most layer of earth crust. Teparies are one of the most drought tolerant beans and gives good yields in arid regions that are too dry for other beans. This crop is grown in Maharashtra, Karnataka. It contains small amount of vitamin C and is a good source of magnesium and potassium. In which states of India are three crops of paddy grown? The seeds range in size from 14-15 mm long to 9-11 mm wide and 6-7 mm thick. The beans are produced in reasonably large quantities and are considered very tasty (Fox & Norwood Young, 1982). Rajasthan (/ ˈ r ɑː dʒ ə s t æ n / Hindustani pronunciation: [raːdʒəsˈtÊ°aːn] (); literally, "Land of Kings") is a state in northern India. It performs well in soils with high salinity or low pH and Rajasthan is the perfect kind of soil for growing Bajra. It can grow in soils and rainfall areas that will not support the growth of other cereals and give an economic but low yield. //]]>. They are usually roasted in their pods and then removed and eaten without the testa. Aboriginal survival in the harsh desert conditions was based on a strategy of small groups of people foraging over large expanses of land, living in an unpredictable environment by exploiting a wide range of resources as they became seasonally or locally available. Ashwagandha – Withania Somnifera. Australia is the most arid continent. Total fertilizer consumption in Rajasthan. Natives made them into pies, jams and jellies. The International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) is based in Aleppo, Syria and was established in 1977. Yield up to 6.62 kg/ha has been obtained under monsoon conditions in Thar desert at Bikaner (India) (Saxena, 1986) The main limitations to the adaptation of moth bean is the lack of published guidelines for farmers. 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