Karen Heimer is Professor of Sociology and Gender, Women’s, and Sexuality Studies at the University of Iowa. about present-day patterns. What are the policy implications of the various theories … Reasons for this change include the feminist movement, inflation causing the need for two incomes, and marriage issues. Delinquency, criminal behaviour, especially that carried out by a juvenile.Depending on the nation of origin, a juvenile becomes an adult anywhere between the ages of 15 to 18, although the age is sometimes lowered for murder and other serious crimes. about present-day patterns. Theories of Delinquency is a comprehensive survey of the theoretical approaches towards understanding delinquent behavior. Women lower on evolutionary scale. What type of theorist is Alicia? JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, THEORIES OFThe topic of juvenile delinquency is a fertile area for construction of sociological theory. Some of the most considerable theories include the feminist theory, social disorganization theory, strain theory, sub … Theories and risk factors will be identified. Lombroso (Lombroso and Ferrero, The Female Offender, 1895) The Female Offender. The book opens with a comprehensive description of what a theory is, and explains how theories are created in the social sciences. In addition, most of the existing theories of delinquency fail to explicate gender stratification in a male-dominated society and how this impacts female delinquency. sampling differences in the two studies prohibit any systematic comparison. The intent of this paper is to apply to females two delinquency theories which have been found empirically useful in explaining male delinquency: self and opportunity theories. GIRLS TO WOMEN: A DEVELOPMENTAL VIEW. A major theory used to explain female delinquency is the general strain theory (GST). What theory holds the view that lower female crime and delinquency rates are a reflection of the leniency with which police treat female offenders? An alarming 75 to 95 percent of female juvenile delinquents (age 14 to 18) in the justice system are former victims of abuse. The contribution of critical theories to explaining female delinquency. Feminist theory in particular suggests that the phenomenon of female delinquency cannot be adequately addressed without modifying the social conditions that maintain gender inequality. Meda Chesney-Lind is Professor of Women’s Studies at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The most popular theory suggested that there was an increase in female delinquency during the womens movements in the late 1960s and early 1970s. until recently theories of delinquency have stressed the causal role of social forces, while theories of female delinquency have stressed the causal role of biology and development . Although females are less likely to engage in illegal behavior, they do so nonetheless. The intent of this paper is to apply to females two delinquency theories which have been found empirically useful in explaining male delinquency: self and opportunity theories. Sutherland proposed nine different propositions in which why people commit crimes. Since most theories of delinquency explicitly or implicitly deal with males, most of the research bearing upon these theories has concerned males with very little attention given to females. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. It consists of the learning from other whether it includes parents, peers, or even television. The notion that changes brought about by the women's movement triggered a wave of female crime. These involve which factors are contributing to female juvenile delinquency and what causes female juveniles to display criminal behaviour in the first place. Description of adolescent girls as being oppressed both as children and as females. Males are innately aggressive and prone to commit crimes, while females are innately passive and conformist. Feminist Theories of Female Delinquency There has been a significant increase in the apportionment of women holding jobs after World War II. While females make up a little less than ten percent of the overall gang population, ... efforts. Males and females commit roughly the same types of offenses, the only difference between the sexes is that males commit them more often. This paper seeks to look into the social based theories that explain juvenile delinquency both in traditional and modern or advanced perspective. Alicia suggested that girls are socialized to be passive, which helps explain their low crime rate. The study of juvenile delinquency has focused primarily on conduct disorder and aggression in males, while relatively little attention has been paid to females who commit delinquent acts. Males and females commit roughly the same types of offenses, the only difference between the sexes is that males commit them more often. Genetic. Delinquency Theories: Appraisals and applications provides a fulsome and accessible overview of contemporary theories of juvenile delinquency. Rather than looking to spiritual explanations, these thinkers asserted that human beings are rational and make choices based on their own free will. PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). Related to young persons criminologists have developed a host of theories to explaining female delinquency and causes! Other whether it includes parents, peers, or even television dependent fragile. The overall gang population,... efforts, friends, and marriage.... 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